Sanjay Kaul, Ph.D., Energy Management Technology, Industrial Technology | Fitchburg State University
Skip to main content

Fitchburg State uses technology to gather information and better understand visitors’ experiences. By continuing to use this website, you consent to this usage in accordance with our Privacy Policy.

Faculty Directory » Sanjay Kaul

Industrial Technology

Office Hours:

Semester: Spring 2016
Monday and Thursday 2:00pm - 3:00pm
Tuesday 9:30am - 10:30pm

Office Information:

Room Number: Conlon Hall 209A
Phone: 978.665.3050

Courses Taught:

Energy Systems I (ITEC 1600)
Energy Resources & Environment (ITEC 1650)
Evolution of Industrial Technology (ITEC 1700)
Computers in Industrial Technology (ITEC 1720)
Women and Science in Technology (ITEC 2000)
Energy Systems II (ITEC 2600)
Power & Lighting Systems (ITEC 2630)
Mechanical & Plumbing Systems (ITEC 3310)
Energy Conservation & Principles (ITEC 3600)


Ph.D., Indian Institute of Technology (Energy Engineering)
M.S., University of Pennsylvania (Energy Management & Policy)

Research Interests:

Efficiency Versus Cost of Alternative Fuels from Renewable Resources: Outlining Decision Parameters,
(With Raphael Edinger )
(Energy Policy 32 (2004) 929-935)
This paper outlines the driving parameters for shifting toward alternative fuels based on fossil or renewable resources and their use in innovative vehicle technologies such as advanced internal combustion and fuel cell electric drive systems. For the decision in favor or against an alternative fuel to be introduced to the mass market, automotive technologies and energy supply system have to examined in an integrated way. Beyond efficiency calculations, political and industrial interests arise and may be influential to reshaping our currently crude oil based mobility sector.

Humankind’s Detour towards Sustainability- Past, Present, and Future of Renewable Energies and Electric Power Generation. (With Raphael Edinger)
(Published in International Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 4(2000)295)
This paper focuses on contemporary electric power generation based on non-renewable resources such as oil, coal, gas, nuclear and new efficient and  cost-effective small-scale renewable energy generation options that are commercially available. Also discusses the market distortions which need to be overcome in order to make renewable energies cost competitive in today’s economic environment and how social, environmental and also economic reasons will reverse the worldwide primary energy use back to renewable and thus reapproach a sustainable economic system based on traditional and high-tech technologies.

Price Elasticity of Petroleum Products in Selected African Countries
(Published in Journal of Energy Conversion and Management, Vol. 36, No. 4, pp. 219-224, 1995)
In this paper, a fundamental understanding of the economic impact which is related to the price elasticity of petroleum products in six selected African countries is established in using share model. Each kind of fuel has a different impact on the share of the oil products for the different countries. The price increase of one kind of fuel may increase or decrease the share of another fuel in the total oil products. In the oil importing African countries, the price of one product is relatively inelastic, whereas in the oil importing African countries, the price is elastic.

Rural Household Energy Use in China (with Qian Liu)
(Published in Energy Journal, Vol.17, No.4, pp. 405-411, 1992)
The paper reviews the literature on rural household energy consumption. China’s household energy consumption is studied, based on a large household-energy survey. The consumption of fuels is determined by income, resource availability, household size, and coal prices. The feasibility of substituting biomass for commercial energy is examined.

Current Projects:

Undergraduate Chair, Industrial Technology Department

Role of Renewable Energy Technologies in Rural Sector of India ( Work in Progress)
Given increasing problems in the availability, affordability and deliverability of the commercial primary and secondary energy resources, coupled with growing macroeconomic uncertainties, the use of renewable energy resources have been actively promoted in rural areas of India. This study intends to identify technical, economic, social and cultural barriers to the introduction of such technologies for energy policy.

Renewable Power Generation- Conflicts in micro, macro and global decision making (Work in Progress)
The paper discusses the state of art renewable electricity generation technologies and restraints from creating a new energy system.  Strategic alliances between proactive utilities, state and federal politics and legislation, as well as global institutions would speed up the commercialization of renewable electricity generation and could prevent irreversible negative impacts to social and environmental systems.

Representative Publications:


Edinger, R. & Kaul, S. (2004). Sustainable Mobility: Renewable Energies Powering Fuel Cell Vehicles. Praeger Publishers, Connecticut.

Edinger, R. & Kaul, S. (2000). Renewable Resources for Electric Power: Prospects and Challenges. Quorum Books, Connecticut.

Book Chapters

Kaul, S. (1992). “Solar Collector with Storage and Mirror-Reflector System.” In Kneff, S. & Jha, C.S (Eds.), Energy Resources and Technology.

Newspaper Articles:

Kaul, S. "Time to focus on Alternate Energy." Fitchburg Sentinel and Enterprise.

Kaul, S. "New Technology may answer both environmental and energy concerns." The Eagle Tribune.

Kaul, S. "Deregulation will see small utilities gobbled up." Fitchburg Sentinel and Enterprise.

Kaul, S. "Consumers face power change." Telegram and Gazette.


Fulbright Senior Specialist “To help develop courses on Energy and Sustainable development at University of Aveiro, Portugal for European Union’s joint Master’s program in Energy and Sustainable development." (Jan. 2007 and June 2007).

Conferences and Workshops:

Kaul, S. (March 2008). "Renewable and Sustainable Energy Options: Beyond Oil." Indian Institute of Technology. Kampur, India.

Kaul, S. (March 2008). "Humankind's Detour Towards Sustainability, Past, Present and Future of Renewable Energies." Indian Institute of Technology. New Delhi, India.

Kaul, S. (March 2008). "Energy road map: Rethinking of U.S. Foreign Policy." University of Petroleum and Energy Studies (UPES). Dehradun, India.

Kaul, S. (July 1999). “Energy Status and Potential of Biofuels in India.” The World Bank-DaimlerChrysler’s Environmental Forum on Public-Private Partnerships for the promotion of Regenerative Fuels. Madgeburg, Germany.

Professional Affiliations:

ASES - American Solar Energy Society
ISES - International Solar Energy Society
IAEE - International Association of Energy Economists
NAIT - National Association of Industrial Technology